Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease, which leads to elevated blood glucose levels. The type 2 diabetes (diabetes) is the most common form of diabetes. It accounts for about 90 percent of all diabetes cases. Cause an insufficient insulin action in the body cells. This cannot get enough glucose from the blood into the tissue – the sugar concentration in the blood rises. A lifestyle change can often ameliorate the disease. Long term high blood sugar level damages blood vessels and nerves. This can cause numerous organ problems. Sequelae of diabetes, for example, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, retinal damage, erectile dysfunction, and many others. They are often referred to as “late effects”. This term is misleading, however, because many diabetes-related illnesses can occur already in the very early stages of diabetes.
Main reason of diabetes is genetic predisposition. In addition, especially overweight and sedentary lifestyle also favor illness.
“Diabetes mellitus” is one of the oldest known diseases, which is already described in an Egyptian papyrus. Because the urine of sick person is sweet when tasted and it is due to the departing sugar, it was called “honey-sweet flow”.
Facts And Figures
Diabetes is one of the world’s most prevalent diseases. According to the World Health Organization approximately almost 500 million people suffer worldwide from this metabolic disease. Among these peoples, almost 95% suffer with Type 2 Diabetes and 5 percent suffer from Type 1 Diabetes.
Diabetes is spread more quickly in low and middle income countries. This disease effect people mainly at their working age. Almost six to seven percent of world adult population is affected by Type 2 diabetes. On regional bases maximum percentage of victims of TYPE 2 DIABETES are present in North America (9.6%) which is followed by North Africa (9%) and Middle East (8.9) . Maximum number of victims are present in India (49.3 million) which is followed by chaina (43 million)
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
The type 2 diabetes is considered even officially as a disease that can develop due to an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. Consequently, now traditional medical therapists are also recommend to their patients to bring three fundamental changes to their lifestyle: less sugar, reduce body weight and regular exercise. Certain genetic and environmental factors are involved.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes makes relatively quick and noticeable symptoms like great thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, etc while initially type 2 diabetes runs often inconspicuous, because the pancreas initially may encounter a growing insulin resistance with increased insulin production. The main symptom in type 2 diabetes are steadily rising of blood glucose levels. This also results in the symptoms of large amounts of urine and excessive thirst. The kidneys try to eliminate the accumulated sugar in the blood via the urine. To compensate for the loss of liquid, the body signals for thirst.
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Treatments Of Type 2 Diabetes
The diabetes treatment includes several combinable possibilities. An essential part of the therapy is that you go for a normal weight, exercise more and adhere to a conscious and healthy diet. At a certain stage medications, so-called anti-diabetics, play an important role to normalize blood sugar levels. While physical fitness and normal weight have long term effects while drugs unfortunately have a short-term effect, ie they must be taken daily. It can be difficult for many patients to take the recommended diabetes medication regularly and properly.
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Weight loss and regular physical exercise not only affect the sugar metabolism, but also promote the spiritual and mental well-being. If impaired glucose tolerance should be regularly checkup in a general practice because chances of cure is more disease is early determined.